Justice: justice is the result of the three virtues -moderation, courage, and wisdom- that plato mentions he defines justice as having and doing of one’s own work and not meddling with what it is not one’ own. He defines the concept of justice as “a proper balance between competing claims from a conception of justice as a set of related principles for identifying the relevant considerations that determine this balance” 1 in contrast, a conception of justice is not so broad. It follows by the law of contradiction that justice [a right] is united with the authorization to use coercion against anyone who violates justice [or a right] ( the metaphysical elements of justice: part i of the metaphysics of morals, trans john ladd, bobbs-merrill, 1965 pp, 35-6. Aristotle’s theory of justice the entire greek political thought revolves around the important concept of justice this is an abstract concept and is difficult to define it in fixed terms, as it is viewed differently by different thinkers but for aristotle, justice is of two types, viz .
“justice is an ethical, legal and ontological term” 6 the concept of justice is like philosophy itself, that is, it is difficult to give or agree on a unanimous definition, reason being that different people view justice differently, for example, john rawls sees justice as fairness, for aristotle, it is treating the equals equally and the . Justice implies an infraction of the principle of equality by this one might be led to believe that equality, as used by aristotle, is merely one particular moral concept among. Clearification of concept although justice to plato is all about giving an individual what is his due some scholars and political philosophers have try to give a detail explanation or definition of the concept ‘’justice’’, some of this philosophers includes socrates, aristotle, thomas hobbes, john locke etc. Justice according to plato and aristotle justice has always been an interesting topic for philosophers and also for ordinary people justice can be defined briefly as “the fairness in the way that people are treated” (collins cobuild, p 910).
Immanuel kant’s theory of justice immanuel kant distinguished justice from other moral principles by noting that the rules (kant’s political philosophy, . Plato is famous for his understanding of justice and the ideal state, the allegory of the cave, and the concept of the philosopher king his dialogues are an excellent starting point for anyone interested in questions like what can we know (epistemology), what’s the best way to live one’s life (ethics), what is the best form of government . For plato, justice is the fundamental virtue, mother of the virtues belonging to each of the three souls for the intelligence it consists in the correctness of thought for the will, in courage for the sensibility, in temperance wisdom is the justice of the mind courage, the justice of the heart temperance, the justice of the senses. In a theory of justice, rawls argues that the concepts of freedom and equality are not mutually exclusive his assessment of the justice system leads him to conclude that for justice to be truly .
The idea of justice occupies centre stage both in ethics, and in legal and political philosophy we apply it to individual actions, to laws, and to public policies, and we think in each case that if they are unjust this is a strong, maybe even conclusive, reason to reject them. A careful analysis of aristotle's text reveals that there are actually six main conceptions of justice discussed by him there: legal justice, justice as complete virtue, distributive justice, corrective justice, reciprocity, and equity. Socrates justice - law and disorder looks at the decision socrates has to make while in his cell, awaiting his execution the provocative philosopher has .
Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered as with most philosophically-driven disciplines, the concept of justice differs in every culture. I think that rawlsian constructivism 169 king: concepts, conceptions and principles of justice proceeds from the implicit assumption that cohen's distinction cannot be expected to settle the question of what justice is and what it demands by way of regulative principles. Key concepts of the philosophy of plato rejects this definition of justice by getting thrasymachus to contradict himself he still must define justice and try to .
Philosophy of law: philosophy of law, branch of philosophy that investigates the nature of law, especially in its relation to human values, attitudes, practices, and political communities. Aristotle on justice: justice is a virtue practiced toward other people, and it is the whole of virtue, not just part of it just as the state is prior to the individual, so justice, being a virtue that is practiced toward others, is more related to the community than a particular virtue of some other name might be. In his philosophy plato gives a prominent place to the idea of justice plato was highly dissatisfied with the prevailing degenerating conditions in athens the athenian democracy was on the verge of ruin and was ultimately responsible for socrates's death.